nginx+fpm记录php的error log

作者: java程序员填空
发布时间:2015-08-07 10:52:36

前言

将架构从Apache+mod_php迁移到nginx+fpm上,会发现如果php脚本出错,nginx的eror_log里不会有记录,只在access_log里记录了500状态码。出现的原因:nginx将php的脚本执行通过fastcgi转到fpm上,所以出错的信息当然不会记录在nginx的error_log里了,但是对于测试环境下程序员的调试这是个悲剧啊,所以我们需要配置fpm的错误日志


php5-fpm.conf

php5-fpm的错误日志是在php5-fpm.conf全局配置中进行设置,查看一下php5-fpm.conf日志:

;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
; Global Options ;
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;

[global]
; Pid file
; Note: the default prefix is /var
; Default Value: none
;pid = run/php-fpm.pid
pid = /var/run/php5-fpm.pid

; Error log file
; If it's set to "syslog", log is sent to syslogd instead of being written
; in a local file.
; Note: the default prefix is /var
; Default Value: log/php-fpm.log
; error_log = log/php-fpm.log
#配置error_log,设置error_log的存放位置
error_log = /var/log/fpm/php5-fpm.error.log

; syslog_facility is used to specify what type of program is logging the
; message. This lets syslogd specify that messages from different facilities
; will be handled differently.
; See syslog(3) for possible values (ex daemon equiv LOG_DAEMON)
; Default Value: daemon
;syslog.facility = daemon

; syslog_ident is prepended to every message. If you have multiple FPM
; instances running on the same server, you can change the default value
; which must suit common needs.
; Default Value: php-fpm
;syslog.ident = php-fpm

; Log level
; Possible Values: alert, error, warning, notice, debug
; Default Value: notice
#错误级别(生产环境下应该提高错误级别,推荐error)
log_level = notice

#表示在emergency_restart_interval所设时间内出现SIGSEGV或者SIGBUS错误的php-cgi进程数如果超过emergency_restart_threshold个,php-fpm就会优雅重启
emergency_restart_threshold = 60
emergency_restart_interval = 60s

; Time limit for child processes to wait for a reaction on signals from master.
; Available units: s(econds), m(inutes), h(ours), or d(ays)
; Default Unit: seconds
; Default Value: 0
;process_control_timeout = 0

; The maximum number of processes FPM will fork. This has been design to control
; the global number of processes when using dynamic PM within a lot of pools.
; Use it with caution.
; Note: A value of 0 indicates no limit
; Default Value: 0
; process.max = 128

; Send FPM to background. Set to 'no' to keep FPM in foreground for debugging.
; Default Value: yes
#后台执行fpm,设置为yes
daemonize = yes

pool.d目录下配置文件(例如:www.conf)

(1)保证配置文件中一个参数的开启,参数定义看英文注释很清楚:

; Redirect worker stdout and stderr into main error log. If not set, stdout and
; stderr will be redirected to /dev/null according to FastCGI specs.
; Note: on highloaded environement, this can cause some delay in the page
; process time (several ms).
; Default Value: no
catch_workers_output = yes



(2)同时可以开启access_log和slow_log

access.log = /var/log/fpm/php5-fpm.access.log

; The access log format.
; The following syntax is allowed
;  %%: the '%' character
;  %C: %CPU used by the request
;      it can accept the following format:
;      - %{user}C for user CPU only
;      - %{system}C for system CPU only
;      - %{total}C  for user + system CPU (default)
;  %d: time taken to serve the request
;      it can accept the following format:
;      - %{seconds}d (default)
;      - %{miliseconds}d
;      - %{mili}d
;      - %{microseconds}d
;      - %{micro}d
;  %e: an environment variable (same as $_ENV or $_SERVER)
;      it must be associated with embraces to specify the name of the env
;      variable. Some exemples:
;      - server specifics like: %{REQUEST_METHOD}e or %{SERVER_PROTOCOL}e
;      - HTTP headers like: %{HTTP_HOST}e or %{HTTP_USER_AGENT}e
;  %f: script filename
;  %l: content-length of the request (for POST request only)
;  %m: request method
;  %M: peak of memory allocated by PHP
;      it can accept the following format:
;      - %{bytes}M (default)
;      - %{kilobytes}M
;      - %{kilo}M
;      - %{megabytes}M
;      - %{mega}M
;  %n: pool name
;  %o: ouput header
;      it must be associated with embraces to specify the name of the header:
;      - %{Content-Type}o
;      - %{X-Powered-By}o
;      - %{Transfert-Encoding}o
;      - ....
;  %p: PID of the child that serviced the request
;  %P: PID of the parent of the child that serviced the request
;  %q: the query string 
;  %Q: the '?' character if query string exists
;  %r: the request URI (without the query string, see %q and %Q)
;  %R: remote IP address
;  %s: status (response code)
;  %t: server time the request was received
;      it can accept a strftime(3) format:
;      %d/%b/%Y:%H:%M:%S %z (default)
;  %T: time the log has been written (the request has finished)
;      it can accept a strftime(3) format:
;      %d/%b/%Y:%H:%M:%S %z (default)
;  %u: remote user
;
; Default: "%R - %u %t \"%m %r\" %s"
;access.format = %R - %u %t "%m %r%Q%q" %s %f %{mili}d %{kilo}M %C%%
 
; The log file for slow requests
; Default Value: not set
; Note: slowlog is mandatory if request_slowlog_timeout is set
slowlog = /var/log/fpm/php5-fpm.log.slow
 
; The timeout for serving a single request after which a PHP backtrace will be
; dumped to the 'slowlog' file. A value of '0s' means 'off'.
; Available units: s(econds)(default), m(inutes), h(ours), or d(ays)
; Default Value: 0
request_slowlog_timeout = 3

fpm日志按天分割脚本

#!/bin/bash - 

#1.fpm日志存放路径
php5_fpm_path="/var/log/php5-fpm"

path_array=($php5_fpm_path)


#2.日志标识前缀数组
icontact_fpm_sign="test"
test_fpm_sign="php5-fpm"

prefix_array=($icontact_fpm_sign $test_fpm_sign)


#3.日志success or slow 标识后缀数组
bool_array=("access" "slow" "error")


#4.nginx日志切割备份后缀
postfix=`date +%Y%m%d`".log"


#5.备份当前的日志文件,重命名改为日期后缀
for path in ${path_array[*]}
do
	for prefix in ${prefix_array[*]}
	do
		for bool in ${bool_array[*]}
		do
			file=$path/$prefix.$bool.log
			backfile=$path/$prefix.$bool.$postfix
			if [ -e $file ]
			then
				mv $file 	$backfile
			fi
		done
	done
done


#6.查找nginx进程号,让其产生新的日志文件
fpm_pid=`ps -aux |grep -E 'php-fpm: master process'|grep -v 'grep'|awk '{print $2}'`
#USR1:Reopen log files,刷新nginx日志文件
kill -USR1 $fpm_pid


经验和bug分享

问题

为了减少线上服务器的错误信息输出,我将php-fpm.conf的Log_level = error,但是这样配置后我在php5-fpm的错误日志里再也看不到错误信息了。


原因定位

可以看一下我将Log_level = notice后的错误日志信息截图:




可以发现fpm将php的不管是warning或者是error的错误全部定位成了notice级别,所以线上想看fpm的错误日志只能将错误级别定位成notice了





标签: Nginx php
来源:http://www.cnblogs.com/java06/archive/2013/01/09/3122493.htm

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