6、CenOS 6.5系统下安装配置Nginx 1.2.4 + PHP 5.4.8 + MySQL 5.5.2

作者: huidaoli
发布时间:2015-07-13 11:12:42

1. 修改 SSH 连接显示字符集 (可以忽略这一步,偶尔出现乱码影响也不大的)

# vi /etc/profile

添加:

LANG=zh_CN.GB2312

export LANG

使环境变量生效 保存后 断开 SSH 重新连接 

# source /etc/profile 

注意:

如果有添加这一步,在设置 mysql 密码时会出现个 sql 编码问题,需要注释掉这里的设置断开ssh后重连就可以了

2. 设置时区

# cp /usr/share/zoneinfo/Asia/Shanghai /etc/localtime

同步时间

# /usr/bin/rdate -s rdate.darkorb.net

写入 BIOS 避免失效

# hwclock -w

建议加入定时同步

# crontab -e

# 0 0 * * * /usr/bin/rdate -s rdate.darkorb.net

3. 配置服务器 yum 国内更新源地址

# cd /etc/yum.repos.d

# mv CentOS-Base.repo CentOS-Base.repo.bak

# wget http://mirrors.163.com/.help/CentOS6-Base-163.repo

# yum makecache

4. 更新软件和安装依赖包

# sudo -s

# LANG=C

# yum -y install gcc gcc-c++ autoconf libjpeg libjpeg-devel libpng libpng-devel freetype freetype-devel libxml2 libxml2-devel zlib zlib-devel glibc glibc-devel glib2 glib2-devel bzip2 bzip2-devel ncurses ncurses-devel curl curl-devel e2fsprogs e2fsprogs-devel krb5 krb5-devel libidn libidn-devel openssl openssl-devel openldap openldap-devel nss_ldap openldap-clients openldap-servers ntpd nmap patch cmake bison cgi* *-gd-* libtool-* gettext *libxml-devel libcurl-devel libevent libevent-devel net-snmp-devel lsof unzip

如果出现错误 如:Error: Package: glibc-headers-2.12-1.80.el6_3.4.x86_64 (updates)

查看 http://www.zhouz.me/post/2012-10-25/40040279305

5. 设置路径

# vi /etc/ld.so.conf

添加:

/usr/lib/

/usr/local/lib/

/usr/lib64/

/usr/local/lib64/

6. 最好重启一次

# reboot

7. 开始安装 nginx

新建保存下载软件的目录

# mkdir -p /mydata/soft

# mkdir -p /var/www/html

# cd /mydata/soft/

下载:

# wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.2.4.tar.gz

# wget ftp://ftp.csx.cam.ac.uk/pub/software/programming/pcre/pcre-8.31.tar.gz

# wget https://gperftools.googlecode.com/files/gperftools-2.0.tar.gz

# wget http://download.savannah.gnu.org/releases/libunwind/libunwind-1.1.tar.gz

7.1 利用 TCMalloc 优化 nginx 性能

针对 64 位操作系统必须安装 libunwind 库

# tar zxvf libunwind-1.1.tar.gz

# cd libunwind-1.1/

# CFLAGS=-fPIC ./configure

# make CFLAGS=-fPIC

# make CFLAGS=-fPIC install

# cd ../

安装 google-perftools 优化

# tar zxvf gperftools-2.0.tar.gz

# cd gperftools-2.0/

# ./configure

# make && make install

# echo "/usr/local/lib" > /etc/ld.so.conf.d/usr_local_lib.conf

# /sbin/ldconfig

# cd ..

7.2 安装 pcre 使 nginx 支持 URL 重写

# tar zxvf pcre-8.31.tar.gz  

# cd pcre-8.31

# ./configure

# make && make install

# cd ../

7.3 编译安装 nginx

# tar zxvf nginx-1.2.4.tar.gz  

# cd nginx-1.2.4

# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/nginx --with-google_perftools_module --user=www --group=www --with-http_stub_status_module --with-openssl=/usr/ --with-pcre=/mydata/soft/pcre-8.31

# make && make install

#cd ../

# mkdir /tmp/tcmalloc

# chmod 0777 /tmp/tcmalloc

7.4 添加用户和组

# /usr/sbin/groupadd www

# /usr/sbin/useradd -g www www

7.5 配置 nginx.conf

# vi /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

注意:要在 pid 下一行添加下面的代码才能使优化生效

google_perftools_profiles  /tmp/tcmalloc;

示例:替换为以下内容

user www www;

worker_processes  4;

worker_cpu_affinity 0001 0100 1000 0010;

error_log  logs/error.log;

pid        logs/nginx.pid;

worker_rlimit_nofile  65535;

google_perftools_profiles  /tmp/tcmalloc;

events {

   worker_connections  65535;

}

http {

   #include       deny_ips.conf;

   include       mime.types;

   default_type  application/octet-stream;

   server_tokens off;

   log_format  main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '

                     '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '

                     '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';

   #access_log  logs/access.log  main;

   server_names_hash_bucket_size 128;

   client_header_buffer_size 32k;

   large_client_header_buffers 4 32k;

   client_max_body_size 50m;    

   sendfile       on;

   tcp_nopush     on;

   tcp_nodelay    on;

   keepalive_timeout  60;

   fastcgi_connect_timeout 300;

   fastcgi_send_timeout 300;

   fastcgi_read_timeout 300;

   fastcgi_buffer_size 64k;

   fastcgi_buffers 4 64k;

   fastcgi_busy_buffers_size 128k;

   fastcgi_temp_file_write_size 256k;

   fastcgi_intercept_errors on;

   gzip on;

   gzip_min_length   1k;

   gzip_buffers      4 16k;

   gzip_http_version 1.0;

   gzip_comp_level   2;

   gzip_types        text/plain application/x-javascript text/css application/xml;

   gzip_vary on;

   include vhost/*.conf;

}

7.6 启动 nginx

# ulimit -SHn 65535

# /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx

7.7 验证google-perftools是否已经正常加载 命令:

# lsof -n | grep tcmalloc

显示如下:

nginx      2395 nobody   9w  REG  8,8       0    1599440 /tmp/tcmalloc.2395  

nginx      2396 nobody   11w REG  8,8       0    1599443 /tmp/tcmalloc.2396  

nginx      2397 nobody   13w REG  8,8       0    1599441 /tmp/tcmalloc.2397  

nginx      2398 nobody   15w REG  8,8       0    1599442 /tmp/tcmalloc.2398  

由于在Nginx配置文件中,设置worker_processes的值为4,因此开启了4个Nginx线程,每个线程会有一行记录。每个线程文件后面的数字值就是启动的Nginx的PID值。

至此,利用TCMalloc优化Nginx的操作完成。

7.8 优化 nginx 内核

# vi /etc/sysctl.conf

末尾添加:

net.ipv4.tcp_max_tw_buckets = 6000

net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024 65000

net.ipv4.tcp_tw_recycle = 1

net.ipv4.tcp_tw_reuse = 1

net.ipv4.tcp_syncookies = 1

net.core.somaxconn = 262144

net.core.netdev_max_backlog = 262144

net.ipv4.tcp_max_orphans = 262144

net.ipv4.tcp_max_syn_backlog = 262144

net.ipv4.tcp_synack_retries = 1

net.ipv4.tcp_syn_retries = 1

net.ipv4.tcp_fin_timeout = 1

net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_time = 30

刷新配置

# /sbin/sysctl -p

7.9 添加 nginx 的系统服务

之前在安装的时候写过了,详细内容可前往下面地址:

http://www.zhouz.me/post/2012-10-23/40041551802

7.10 添加各站点配置目录

# cd /usr/local/nginx/conf

# mkdir vhost

7.10.1 配置 localhost 站点

# vi vhost/localhost.conf 

添加:

server

{

   listen       80;

   server_name  localhost;

   index index.html index.php;

   root  /var/www/html/;

   #limit_conn   crawler  20;    

   location ~ .*.(php|php5)?$

   {

       #fastcgi_pass  unix:/tmp/php-cgi.sock;

       #upload filesize limit

       #client_max_body_size 10m;

       fastcgi_pass  127.0.0.1:9000;

       fastcgi_index index.php;

       include fastcgi.conf;

   }

}

8. 安装 mysql

8.1 检测是否之前有安装过 rpm mysql包

查看系统是否有安装过 MySQL

注意大小写,如果mysql 不行就换MySQL

# rpm -qa | grep mysql

显示如:mysql-5.1.61-4.el6.x86_64

将搜索出的包名全部卸载:(nodeps表示强制删除),

例如:

# rpm -e --nodeps mysql-libs-5.1.61-4.el6.x86_64

8.2 下载 MySQL 相关软件包

# cd /mydata/soft

# wget http://www.mysql.com/get/Downloads/MySQL-5.5/mysql-5.5.28.tar.gz/from/http://cdn.mysql.com/

8.3 新建 MySQL 用户和组

# /usr/sbin/groupadd mysql

# /usr/sbin/useradd -g mysql mysql

8.4 新建目录并设置权限

# chmod +w /usr/local/mysql

# chown -R mysql:mysql /usr/local/mysql

# mkdir -p /var/mysql/data/

# mkdir -p /var/mysql/log/

# chown -R mysql:mysql /var/mysql/

# mkdir /home/mysql/temp

# chown -R mysql:mysql /home/mysql/temp

8.5 开始安装 MySQL

# tar xvf mysql-5.5.28.tar.gz

# cd mysql-5.5.28/

# cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql

-DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/usr/local/mysql/mysql.sock

-DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8

-DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci

-DWITH_EXTRA_CHARSETS:STRING=utf8,gbk

-DWITH_MYISAM_STORAGE_ENGINE=1

-DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=ON

-DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1

-DWITH_READLINE=1

-DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=1

-DMYSQL_USER=mysql

-DMYSQL_DATADIR=/var/mysql/data

# make && make install

8.6 配置 my.cnf 文件

# cd support-files/

注意:my-large.cnf 适用于1G内存左右的服务器,

可以根据自己配置情况选用 my-large.cnf 或 my-huge.cnf 等不同配置

# cp my-huge.cnf /etc/my.cnf

之前这里 my.cnf 的路径设置有问题(现已修改),导致没有生效,今天关闭 innodb 时才发现。。

是放在 etc 下面才会生效的。。

参考配置:关闭 innodb,binlog 保存 30 天内的

# vi /etc/my.cnf

--------------------------------------忽略分隔线---------------------------------------

[client]

port    = 3306

socket  = /usr/local/mysql/mysql.sock

[mysqld]

character-set-server = utf8

replicate-ignore-db = mysql

replicate-ignore-db = test

replicate-ignore-db = information_schema

user    = mysql

port    = 3306

socket  = /usr/local/mysql/mysql.sock

basedir = /usr/local/mysql

datadir = /var/mysql/data

tmpdir = /home/mysql/temp

log-error = /var/mysql/log/error.log

pid-file = /var/mysql/mysql.pid

open_files_limit = 10240

back_log = 200

max_connections = 1024

max_connect_errors = 1024

table_cache = 614

external-locking = FALSE

max_allowed_packet = 32M

sort_buffer_size = 4M

join_buffer_size = 1M

thread_cache_size = 300

thread_concurrency = 4

query_cache_size = 512M

query_cache_limit = 2M

query_cache_min_res_unit = 2k

default-storage-engine = MyISAM

thread_stack = 192K

transaction_isolation = READ-COMMITTED

tmp_table_size = 246M

max_heap_table_size = 246M

long_query_time = 3

log-slave-updates

log-bin = /var/mysql/binlog/binlog

binlog_cache_size = 4M

binlog_format = MIXED

max_binlog_cache_size = 8M

max_binlog_size = 1G

#relay-log-index = /var/mysql/relaylog/relaylog

#relay-log-info-file = /var/mysql/relaylog/relaylog

#relay-log = /var/mysql/relaylog/relaylog

expire_logs_days = 30

key_buffer_size = 256M

read_buffer_size = 1M

read_rnd_buffer_size = 16M

bulk_insert_buffer_size = 64M

myisam_sort_buffer_size = 128M

myisam_max_sort_file_size = 10G

myisam_repair_threads = 1

myisam_recover

interactive_timeout = 120

wait_timeout = 120

#skip-name-resolve

slave-skip-errors = 1032,1062,126,1114,1146,1048,1396

#master-host     =   192.168.1.2

#master-user     =   username

#master-password =   password

#master-port     =  3306

server-id = 1

skip-innodb

innodb_additional_mem_pool_size = 16M

innodb_buffer_pool_size = 512M

innodb_data_file_path = ibdata1:256M:autoextend

innodb_file_io_threads = 4

innodb_thread_concurrency = 8

innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 2

innodb_log_buffer_size = 16M

innodb_log_file_size = 128M

innodb_log_files_in_group = 3

innodb_max_dirty_pages_pct = 90

innodb_lock_wait_timeout = 120

innodb_file_per_table = 0

slow-query-log = On

slow-query-log-file = /var/mysql/log/slow.log

long_query_time = 30

[mysqldump]

quick

max_allowed_packet = 32M

--------------------------------------忽略分隔线---------------------------------------

# cp mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysqld

# cd ../../ 

8.7 初始化安装数据库

# /usr/local/mysql/scripts/mysql_install_db

--defaults-file=/var/mysql/my.cnf

--basedir=/usr/local/mysql

--datadir=/var/mysql/data

--user=mysql

8.8 将 mysql 加入开机启动

# chmod +x /etc/init.d/mysqld

# vi /etc/init.d/mysqld

查找并修改:

basedir=/usr/local/mysql

datadir=/var/mysql/data

8.9 添加为系统服务

# chkconfig --add mysqld

# chkconfig --level 2345 mysqld on

8.10 启动mysql 设置 root 密码

# service mysqld start 

# /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -u root password "123456"

错误一:

mysqladmin, mysql ... 命令无法执行:

# export PATH=/usr/local/mysql/bin:$PATH

错误二:

Could NOT find Curses (missing:  CURSES_LIBRARY CURSES_INCLUDE_PATH)

# yum install ncurses-devel

8.11 添加并发优化

# vi /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe

在 executing mysqld_safe 的下一行,加上:

export LD_PRELOAD=/usr/local/lib/libtcmalloc.so

启动 mysql:

# service mysqld restart

使用lsof命令查看tcmalloc是否起效:

# /usr/sbin/lsof -n | grep tcmalloc

如果发现以下信息,说明tcmalloc已经起效:

mysqld    10847   mysql  mem       REG        8,5  1203756   20484960 /usr/local/lib/libtcmalloc.so.0.0.0

新建一个远程访问用户:

CREATE USER 'locoy'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY '*****';

GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON * . * TO 'locoy'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY '*****' WITH GRANT OPTIONMAX_QUERIES_PER_HOUR 0 MAX_CONNECTIONS_PER_HOUR 0 MAX_UPDATES_PER_HOUR 0 MAX_USER_CONNECTIONS 0 

9. 开始安装 PHP

9.1 下载 php 和相关软件包

# cd /mydata/soft

wget http://cn2.php.net/get/php-5.4.8.tar.gz/from/this/mirror

wget http://ftp.gnu.org/pub/gnu/libiconv/libiconv-1.14.tar.gz

wget http://downloads.sourceforge.net/mcrypt/libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz?modtime=1171868460&big_mirror=0

wget http://downloads.sourceforge.net/mcrypt/mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz?modtime=1194463373&big_mirror=0

wget http://downloads.sourceforge.net/mhash/mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.gz?modtime=1175740843&big_mirror=0

wget ftp://ftp.imagemagick.org/pub/ImageMagick/ImageMagick-6.8.0-2.tar.gz

wget http://sourceforge.net/projects/imagemagick/files/old-sources/6.x/6.6/ImageMagick-6.6.9-10.tar.gz

wget http://pecl.php.net/get/imagick-3.1.0RC2.tgz

wget http://pecl.php.net/get/memcache-3.0.7.tgz

wget https://launchpad.net/libmemcached/1.0/1.0.4/+download/libmemcached-1.0.4.tar.gz

wget https://launchpad.net/libmemcached/1.0/1.0.13/+download/libmemcached-1.0.13.tar.gz

wget http://memcached.googlecode.com/files/memcached-1.4.15.tar.gz

wget http://pecl.php.net/get/memcached-2.1.0.tgz

wget https://github.com/eaccelerator/eaccelerator/tarball/master

wget https://github.com/downloads/libevent/libevent/libevent-2.0.20-stable.tar.gz

9.2 安装 php 相关的软件

这部分代码安装过好多太服务器几乎没有什么问题,可以直接全部复制粘贴到ssh就好了,我就不打 # 号了

tar zxvf libiconv-1.14.tar.gz

cd libiconv-1.14

./configure --prefix=/usr/local

make && make install

cd ../

tar zxvf libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz

cd libmcrypt-2.5.8/

./configure

make && make install

/sbin/ldconfig

cd libltdl/

./configure --enable-ltdl-install

make && make install

cd ../../

tar zxvf mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.gz

cd mhash-0.9.9.9/

./configure

make && make install

cd ../

ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.la /usr/lib/libmcrypt.la

ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so

ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so.4 /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so.4

ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so.4.4.8 /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so.4.4.8

ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.a /usr/lib/libmhash.a

ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.la /usr/lib/libmhash.la

ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so /usr/lib/libmhash.so

ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so.2 /usr/lib/libmhash.so.2

ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so.2.0.1 /usr/lib/libmhash.so.2.0.1

ln -s /usr/local/bin/libmcrypt-config /usr/bin/libmcrypt-config

ln -s /usr/local/mysql/lib/libmysqlclient.so.18  /usr/lib/libmysqlclient.so.18

ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.la /usr/lib64/libmcrypt.la

ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so /usr/lib64/libmcrypt.so

ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so.4 /usr/lib64/libmcrypt.so.4

ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so.4.4.8 /usr/lib64/libmcrypt.so.4.4.8

ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.a /usr/lib64/libmhash.a

ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.la /usr/lib64/libmhash.la

ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so /usr/lib64/libmhash.so

ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so.2 /usr/lib64/libmhash.so.2

ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so.2.0.1 /usr/lib64/libmhash.so.2.0.1

ln -s /usr/local/mysql/lib/libmysqlclient.so.18  /usr/lib64/libmysqlclient.so.18

ln -sv /usr/lib64/libldap* /usr/lib/

tar zxvf mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz

cd mcrypt-2.6.8/

/sbin/ldconfig

./configure

make && make install

cd ../

9.3 新建扩展配置目录

# mkdir -p /usr/local/php/etc/php.d/

9.4 开始安装 PHP 5.4.8

# tar xvzf php-5.4.8.tar.gz

# cd php-5.4.8/

# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc

--with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql/ --with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config

--with-pdo-mysql=/usr/local/mysql/ --with-iconv-dir=/usr/local --enable-fpm

--disable-phar --with-fpm-user=www --with-fpm-group=www --with-pcre-regex

--with-config-file-scan-dir=/usr/local/php/etc/php.d

--with-zlib --with-bz2 --enable-calendar --with-curl --enable-dba --with-libxml-dir

--enable-ftp --with-gd --with-jpeg-dir --with-png-dir --with-zlib-dir --with-freetype-dir

--enable-gd-native-ttf --enable-gd-jis-conv --with-mhash --enable-mbstring --with-mcrypt

--enable-pcntl --enable-xml --disable-rpath --enable-shmop --enable-sockets --enable-zip

--enable-bcmath --with-snmp --disable-ipv6 --with-xmlrpc --with-ldap --with-ldap-sasl --enable-exif

--enable-soap --enable-pdo --with-pdo-mysql --enable-sysvsem --enable-inline-optimization --with-curlwrappers

# make ZEND_EXTRA_LIBS='-liconv'

# make test

# make install

# cp php.ini-production /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini

# PATH=/usr/local/php/bin:$PATH

# PATH=/usr/local/php/sbin:$PATH

提示:

--enable-fastcgi --enable-force-cgi-redirect PHP 5.3以后已经强制开启了 fastcgi 了,具体查看官方说明:

https://bugs.php.net/bug.php?id=50840&edit=1  最下面 FastCGI is now always enabled and cannot be disabled.

错误:

configure: error: Cannot find ldap libraries in /usr/lib.

解决办法:

ln -sv /usr/lib64/libldap* /usr/lib/

注意 make test 的时候可能会出现 :

/mnt/sun/php-5.4.8/sapi/cli/php: error while loading shared libraries: libmysqlclient.so.18: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory

32位系统

# ln -s /usr/local/mysql/lib/libmysqlclient.so.18  /usr/lib/libmysqlclient.so.18

64位系统

# ln -s /usr/local/mysql/lib/libmysqlclient.so.18  /usr/lib64/libmysqlclient.so.18

9.5 开机启动 php-fpm

# cp sapi/fpm/init.d.php-fpm /etc/init.d/php-fpm

# chmod +x /etc/init.d/php-fpm

# chkconfig --add php-fpm

# chkconfig --level 2345 php-fpm on

# cd ../

9.6 关于php-fpm 的操作说明与添加系统服务

PHP5.3.3以上版本的php-fpm重启、停止命令已经不是php-fpm start|stop|reload了,

需要使用信号控制:

详细内容查看该文章

PHP 5.4.8 添加系统服务命令

http://www.zhouz.me/post/2012-10-24/40041265730 

9.7 安装 PHP 扩展

9.7.1 服务器版 memcached

memcached 把我搞晕了,有两个 memcached,我也不是很清楚具体区别,

按我的理解应该是分为 服务器版 和 php 扩展版

一开始用 服务器版来编译 php 扩展,搞了半天都没弄出来,后来才发现居然有两个,晕死了

安装依赖包:

# tar zxvf libevent-2.0.20-stable.tar.gz

# cd libevent-2.0.20-stable

# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/libevent

# make && make install

# cd ../

# tar xvzf memcached-1.4.15.tar.gz

# cd memcached-1.4.15

# ./configure --enable-64bit --enable-threads --with-libevent=/usr/local/libevent

# make && make install

# cd ../

检测是否安装成功:

# ls -al /usr/local/bin/memcached

# mkdir -p /var/run/memcached/

启动 memcached:

# /usr/local/bin/memcached -d -m 128 -u root -l 22.11.5.91 -p 11211 -c 256 -P /var/run/memcached/memcached.pid

# ps aux|grep memcached

关闭 memcached:

# kill `cat /var/run/memcached/memcached.pid`

新建启动和关闭脚本并赋执行权限:

# cp memcached-1.4.15/scripts/memcached.sysv /etc/init.d/memcached

# chmod 755 /etc/init.d/memcached

修改配置:

# vi /etc/init.d/memcached

修改:

PORT=11212

USER=root

OPTIONS=""

查找:

daemon memcached -d -p ....

修改为:

daemon /usr/local/bin/memcached -d -p ....

添加下面两行:

chown $USER /usr/local/bin/memcached

/usr/local/bin/memcached -d -p $PORT -u $USER  -m $CACHESIZE -c $MAXCONN -P /var/run/memcache/memcached.pid $OPTIONS

添加到系统服务:

# chkconfig --add memcached

# chkconfig --level 2345 memcached on

# chkconfig --list memcached

测试启动 检测 关闭:

# service memcached start

# ps aux|grep memcached

# service memcached stop

开启防火墙外网访问(单机可忽略该设置):

# iptables -I INPUT -p tcp --dport 11211 -j ACCEPT

# iptables -I OUTPUT -p tcp --sport 11211 -j ACCEPT

# iptables-save

# service iptables save

9.7.2 安装php扩展版 memcached

依赖库:

# tar zxvf libmemcached-1.0.13.tar.gz

# cd libmemcached-1.0.13

# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/libmemcached

# make && make install

# cd ../

安装 memcached

# tar vxzf memcached-2.1.0.tgz

# cd memcached-2.1.0

# /usr/local/php/bin/phpize

# ./configure --enable-memcached --with-libmemcached-dir=/usr/local/libmemcached --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config

# make && make install

# cd ..

9.7.3 安装 memcache

# tar zxvf memcache-3.0.7.tgz

# cd memcache-3.0.7/

# /usr/local/php/bin/phpize

# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/memcache --enable-memcache --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config --with-zlib-dir

# make && make install

# cd ../

9.7.4 安装图片处理软件 可取代 gd

# tar zxvf ImageMagick-6.8.0-2.tar.gz

# cd ImageMagick-6.8.0-2/

# export CFLAGS='-fPIC'

# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/ImageMagick --with-quantum-depth=8 --enable-share --enable-static

# make && make install

# cd ../

# tar zxvf imagick-3.1.0RC2.tgz

# cd imagick-3.1.0RC2/

# /usr/local/php/bin/phpize

# export PKG_CONFIG_PATH=/usr/local/ImageMagick/lib/pkgconfig/

# ./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config --with-imagick=/usr/local/ImageMagick

# make && make install

# cd ../

9.7.5 安装 eaccelerator 给 php 编译加速+缓存

# wget https://github.com/eaccelerator/eaccelerator/tarball/master

# mv master eaccelerator-eaccelerator-42067ac.tar.gz

# tar zxvf eaccelerator-eaccelerator-42067ac.tar.gz

# cd eaccelerator-eaccelerator-42067ac/

# /usr/local/php/bin/phpize

# ./configure --enable-eaccelerator=shared --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config

# make && make install

# cd ../

新建目录:

# mkdir /tmp/eaccelerator_cache

# chmod 0777 /tmp/eaccelerator_cache

9.7.6 配置扩展

打开自动扫描的扩展目录:

# cd /usr/local/php/etc/php.d

--------------------------------忽略分割线------------------------------ 

# vi eaccelerator.ini

写入:

[eaccelerator]

zend_extension="/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20100525/eaccelerator.so"

eaccelerator.shm_size="20"

eaccelerator.cache_dir="/tmp/eaccelerator_cache"

eaccelerator.enable="1"

eaccelerator.optimizer="1"

eaccelerator.check_mtime="1"

eaccelerator.debug="0"

eaccelerator.filter=""

eaccelerator.shm_max="0"

eaccelerator.shm_ttl="3600"

eaccelerator.shm_prune_period="3600"

eaccelerator.shm_only="0"

eaccelerator.compress="1"

eaccelerator.compress_level="9"

--------------------------------忽略分割线------------------------------

# vi memcache.ini

写入:

extension = "memcache.so"

memcache.chunk_size = 32768

--------------------------------忽略分割线------------------------------ 

# vi memcached.ini

写入:

extension = "memcached.so"

--------------------------------忽略分割线------------------------------ 

# vi imagick.ini

写入:

extension = "imagick.so"

--------------------------------忽略分割线------------------------------ 

修改php配置:

# vi /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini

查找并修改:

cgi.fix_pathinfo=0

extension_dir = "/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20100525/"

expose_php = Off

allow_url_fopen = Off

open_basedir = /tmp/:/var/www/

disable_functions = exec,system,passthru,chroot,scandir,chgrp,Shell_exec,proc_open,proc_get_status,ini_alter,ini_alter,ini_restore,dl,openlog,syslog,readlink,symlink,popepassthru,stream_socket_server

date.timezone = Asia/Shanghai

拷贝 php-fpm 配置:

# cp /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf.default /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf

# vi /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf

查找并修改:

以下为示例数值,按自己服务器实际性能配置:

pm.max_children = 50

pm.start_servers = 20

pm.min_spare_servers = 5

pm.max_spare_servers = 35

pm.max_requests = 10240

rlimit_files = 65535

10. 设置开机启动

# vi /etc/rc.local

写入:

ulimit -SHn 65535

service mysqld start

service php-fpm start

service memcached start

service nginx start

11. 配置完成

弄了好几天,每天都熬到凌晨3点,终于弄完了,搞服务器真要累死人。。。

标签: MySQL Nginx php SQL
来源:http://www.cnblogs.com/huidaoli/p/3964224.html

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