Maven搭建springMVC+spring+hibernate环境

作者: 雪城飞狼
发布时间:2015-07-08 18:39:51

这次不再使用struts2做控制器,采用spring自己的springMVC框架实现。

首先,改写pom.xml文件,不需要struts2的相关jar了。

pom.xml

<project xmlns="http://maven.Apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"      xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/maven-v4_0_0.xsd">      <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>      <groupId>com.sgl</groupId>      <artifactId>MSSH</artifactId>      <packaging>war</packaging>      <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>      <name>MSSH Maven Webapp</name>      <url>http://maven.apache.org</url>      <properties>          <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>      </properties>      <dependencies>          <!-- log4j -->          <dependency>              <groupId>log4j</groupId>              <artifactId>log4j</artifactId>              <version>1.2.17</version>          </dependency>          <dependency>              <groupId>junit</groupId>              <artifactId>junit</artifactId>              <version>4.11</version>          </dependency>          <!-- servlet API -->          <dependency>              <groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>              <artifactId>javax.servlet-api</artifactId>              <version>3.1-b09</version>              <scope>provided</scope>          </dependency>          <!-- MySQL驱动 -->          <dependency>              <groupId>mysql</groupId>              <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>              <version>5.1.24</version>          </dependency>          <!-- mchange C3P0 数据源 -->          <dependency>              <groupId>com.mchange</groupId>              <artifactId>c3p0</artifactId>              <version>0.9.5-pre2</version>          </dependency>                    <dependency>              <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>              <artifactId>spring-core</artifactId>              <version>3.2.2.RELEASE</version>          </dependency>          <dependency>              <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>              <artifactId>spring-context</artifactId>              <version>3.2.2.RELEASE</version>          </dependency>          <dependency>              <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>              <artifactId>spring-jdbc</artifactId>              <version>3.2.2.RELEASE</version>          </dependency>          <dependency>              <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>              <artifactId>spring-beans</artifactId>              <version>3.2.2.RELEASE</version>          </dependency>          <dependency>              <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>              <artifactId>spring-web</artifactId>              <version>3.2.2.RELEASE</version>          </dependency>          <dependency>              <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>              <artifactId>spring-expression</artifactId>              <version>3.2.2.RELEASE</version>          </dependency>          <dependency>              <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>              <artifactId>spring-orm</artifactId>              <version>3.2.2.RELEASE</version>          </dependency>          <dependency>              <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>              <artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId>              <version>3.2.2.RELEASE</version>          </dependency>          <dependency>              <groupId>org.codehaus.jackson</groupId>              <artifactId>jackson-mapper-asl</artifactId>              <version>1.9.12</version>          </dependency>          <!-- hibernate -->          <dependency>              <groupId>org.hibernate</groupId>              <artifactId>hibernate-core</artifactId>              <version>4.2.0.Final</version>          </dependency>        </dependencies>      <build>          <!-- Maven插件 -->          <plugins>              <plugin>                  <artifactId>maven-war-plugin</artifactId>              </plugin>                <plugin>                  <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>                  <configuration>                      <source>1.6</source>                      <target>1.6</target>                      <encoding>utf-8</encoding>                  </configuration>              </plugin>                <plugin>                  <artifactId>maven-resources-plugin</artifactId>                  <configuration>                      <encoding>utf-8</encoding>                  </configuration>              </plugin>                <plugin>                  <artifactId>maven-javadoc-plugin</artifactId>                  <configuration>                      <encoding>utf-8</encoding>                  </configuration>              </plugin>                <plugin>                  <artifactId>maven-surefire-plugin</artifactId>                  <version>2.7.2</version>                  <configuration>                      <forkMode>once</forkMode>                      <argLine>-Dfile.encoding=UTF-8</argLine>                  </configuration>              </plugin>            </plugins>        </build>  </project>

删除struts.xml,新建spring-mvc.xml.

spring-mvc.xml

 

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>  <beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"      xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"      xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"      xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"      xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"      xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans   http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd   http://www.springframework.org/schema/context   http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.0.xsd   http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc   http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc-3.0.xsd">        <!-- 自动扫描controller包下的所有类,使其认为spring mvc的控制器 -->      <context:component-scan base-package="com.sgl.controller" />        <!-- 避免IE执行AJAX时,返回JSON出现下载文件 -->      <bean id="mappingJacksonHttpMessageConverter" class="org.springframework.http.converter.json.MappingJacksonHttpMessageConverter">          <property name="supportedMediaTypes">              <list>                  <value>text/html;charset=UTF-8</value>              </list>          </property>      </bean>        <!-- 启动Spring MVC的注解功能,完成请求和注解POJO的映射 -->      <bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.annotation.AnnotationMethodHandlerAdapter">          <property name="messageConverters">              <list>                  <ref bean="mappingJacksonHttpMessageConverter" /><!-- json转换器 -->              </list>          </property>      </bean>        <!-- 对模型视图名称的解析,即在模型视图名称添加前后缀 -->      <bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver" >          <property name="prefix" value="/" />          <property name="suffix" value=".jsp" />      </bean>    </beans>

 

删除action包,新建controller包,建UserController.java

UserController.java

 

package com.sgl.controller;    import java.util.Date;  import java.util.UUID;    import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;  import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;  import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;  import org.springframework.web.servlet.ModelAndView;    import com.sgl.model.User;  import com.sgl.service.UserService;    @Controller  public class UserController {      @Autowired      private UserService userService;      @RequestMapping("/reg")      public String register(){          return "index";      }      @RequestMapping("/user")      public ModelAndView addUser(User user) {          ModelAndView mav=null;          user.setId(UUID.randomUUID().toString());          user.setRegtime(new Date());          try {              userService.addUser(user);          //    request.setAttribute("user", user);              mav = new ModelAndView();              mav.setViewName("success");              mav.addObject("user", user);              mav.addObject("msg", "注册成功了,可以去登陆了");              return mav;          } catch (Exception e) {              mav.setViewName("error");              mav.addObject("user", null);              mav.addObject("msg", "注册失败");              return mav;          }      }    }

 

最后修改web.xml文件,删除其中struts2的配置,增加springMVC的配置。

web.xml

 

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>  <web-app version="3.0" xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee"      xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"      xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee       http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_3_0.xsd">      <display-name></display-name>        <context-param>          <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>          <param-value>classpath:spring.xml,classpath:spring-hibernate.xml</param-value>      </context-param>      <listener>          <listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class>      </listener>      <filter>          <filter-name>encodingFilter</filter-name>          <filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-class>          <init-param>              <param-name>encoding</param-name>              <param-value>UTF-8</param-value>          </init-param>      </filter>      <filter-mapping>          <filter-name>encodingFilter</filter-name>          <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>      </filter-mapping>      <!-- springMVC 配置 -->      <servlet>          <description>spring mvc servlet</description>          <servlet-name>springMvc</servlet-name>          <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>          <init-param>              <description>spring mvc 配置文件</description>              <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>              <param-value>classpath:spring-mvc.xml</param-value>          </init-param>          <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>      </servlet>      <!-- 拦截以html为后缀的请求 -->      <servlet-mapping>          <servlet-name>springMvc</servlet-name>          <url-pattern>*.html</url-pattern>      </servlet-mapping>      <session-config>          <session-timeout>10</session-timeout>      </session-config>      <welcome-file-list>          <welcome-file>index.jsp</welcome-file>      </welcome-file-list>  </web-app>

 

所有的配置文件完成后,项目结构如下:



执行Maven install,没有错误,部署到服务器上,启动服务器,浏览器输入http://localhost:8080/MSSH/reg.html回车

至于为什么要是输入这个地址,请仔细查看UserController.java的@RequestMapping注解的配置,这是属于spingMVC的注解,在此不再详述其拦截-转发的过程。


点击注册,注意浏览器地址的变化:



springMVC+spring+hibernate 实现用户注册完成了。其中User的password我没有写,忘记持久到数据库了,需要的可以在User.java中加上password属性和 set/get方法。毕竟这个MSSH项目只是演示如何搭建ssh框架,不是真实的项目。

 

来源:http://www.cnblogs.com/xmzzp/p/4177873.html

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